spartina scientific name

Valve Type. ***Spartina Schreb. [14512] 4. Hawking's name appears across the tetralogy under the terms such as the Hawking drive and the name of the Hegemony frigate HSS … Scientific name: Spartina anglica and Spartina x townsendii: Common name: Spartina: Status: Declared a noxious aquatic species under the Fisheries Act 1995. 1. The highest species diversity is on the east coasts of North and South America, particularly Florida. Common Names. Not listed under the Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994. It demonstrated an ability to outcompete the native S. foliosa, and to potentially eliminate it from San Francisco Bay. Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9. Spartina caespitosa. Sheet : Page 1 of 1 Herbarium Catalogue. Scientific Name. Known in Texas as Sacahuista, Spartina spartinae is one of five species of Spartina found along the gulf coast. Die Schlickgräser sind kräftige, ausdauernde krautige Pflanzen, die Wuchshöhen 0,3 und 2 Metern erreichen.Sie bilden lange verzweigte Rhizome.Die wechselständigen Laubblättern sind relativ lang und schmal. It has been reclassified as Sporobolusalterniflorus after a taxonomic revision in 2014 , but it is still common to see Spartina alterniflora and in 2019 an interdisciplinary team of experts coauthored a report published in the journal Ecology supporting Sparti… ", Noxious Weed IVM Guide- Smooth Cordgrass (Spartina), Invasive Plant Council – Spartina alterniflora, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spartina_alterniflora&oldid=1000477818, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 07:56. 1999. 5 meters tall. Conversely, floras, books and other user-friendly expressions of taxonomic research are produced at a much slower rate. What if we let it? © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. Syst. [8], In California, four species of exotic Spartina (S. alterniflora, S. densiflora, S. patens, and S. anglica) have been introduced to the San Francisco Bay region. Bertness, Mark D. 1991. One example of an invasive Spartina alterniflora hybrid is that of Spartina anglica. Scientific Names. Common Name smooth cordgrass. var. Scientific Names. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. "Biology, Ecology and Management of Aquatic Plants". Zonation of Spartina patens and Spartina alterniflora in a New England salt marsh. Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae Order: Cyperales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: Spartina pectinata; Distribution Table Top of page. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. S. alterniflora is native to the Atlantic coast of the Americas from Newfoundland, Canada, south to northern Argentina, where it forms a dominant part of brackish coastal saltmarshes. Root aerenchyma development in Spartina patens in response to flooding. Bertness, Mark D. 1984. Scientific Name Author Reference Date; Poaceae : Spartina alterniflora: Loisel. Botanical Family Poaceae. Hand pulling is ineffective because even small rhizome fragments that inevitably break off and get left in the soil are capable of sending up new shoots. Send by email Printer-friendly version. It can grow in low marsh (frequently inundated by the tide) as well as high marsh (less frequently inundated), but it is usually restricted to low marsh because it is outcompeted by salt meadow cordgrass in the high marsh. It is native to the salt marshes and mudflats of coastal California and Baja California, especially San Francisco Bay. (2013) Ecological and Evolutionary Misadventures of. Name: Company: Address: City: State: Zip: Phone: Fax: E-Mail: Application Information: Type of Media (air, water, ect) Pressure Range (PSI) - Minimum : Pressure Range (PSI)- Maximum: Valve Function. Related Plants. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names. The hybrids also produce much larger numbers of fertile seeds than the native Spartina, and are producing a hybrid population that, left unchecked, can increase not only in population size but also in its rate of population growth. (Poaceae) alterniflora Loisel. Eukaryota. Sporobolus alterniflorus, or synonymously known as Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes. [4] It grows in a wide range of salinities, from about 5 psu to marine (32 psu), and has been described as the "single most important marsh plant species in the estuary" of Chesapeake Bay. In 2019 an interdisciplinary team of experts from all continents (except for Antarctica) coauthored a report published in the journal Ecology supporting Spartina as a genus. In British Columbia, Spartina anglica, also known as English cordgrass, is an aggressive, aquatic alien that invades mud flats, salt marshes and beaches, out-competing native plants, spreading quickly over mud flats and leaving large Spartina meadows. Attribution. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Spartan Scientific offers a large selection of solenoid valves and solenoid valve accessories. Accessed on 2020/12/16 Several means of control and eradication have been employed against Spartina alterniflora where it has become a pest. 2013. For over two hundred years, Smooth Cordgrass has been referenced in the genus Spartina. [6733] 5. Various members of the genus (especially Spartina alterniflora and its derivatives, Spartina anglica and Spartina × townsendii) have spread outside of their native boundaries and become invasive. Nursery Availability 1 - 5 of 5. S. alterniflora grows in tallest forms at the outermost edge of a given marsh, displaying shorter morphologies up onto the landward side of the Spartina belt. Location Date Item Type? Ecology. It is abundant in tight, loamy or clayey, somewhat saline, poorly drained flats. [19], Genus of flowering plant in the grass family Poaceae, IPNI: The International Plant Names Index (2012). [14], Three of the Spartina species have become invasive plants in some countries. (Poaceae) alterniflora Loisel. Nursery Availability 1 - 5 of 5. Your query was interpreted as: Genus = 'spartina' AND Species = 'patens' AND Names = 'Current only' Records per page Page 1 of 1 Barcode / id Image Family Scientific name Collector Collector no. Scientific Name: Spartina Schreber. ex Hitchc. Archaeplastida Adl et al. Preferred Scientific Name; Spartina anglica Preferred Common Name; common cordgrass Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae Some species of Spartina are considered ecosystem engineers that can strongly influence the physical and biological environment. The old genus is still widely used, recognized and accepted in many naturalist and botanist communities. Spartina — Schlickgräser Glattes Schlickgras ... Spartina — Spartines Spartina … Wikipédia en Français. There are no common names associated with this taxon. Life in the Chesapeake Bay, 3rd ed., p.295. (2019) Supporting, Balke, T. et al (2012) Conditional outcome of ecosystem engineering: A case study on tussocks of the salt marsh pioneer, Strong, D.R., & Ayres, D.R. Spartina : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Spartina ... Any Name or TSN: Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . It has been reclassified as Sporobolus alterniflorus after a taxonomic revision in 2014,[2] but it is still common to see Spartina alterniflora and in 2019 an interdisciplinary team of experts coauthored a report published in the journal Ecology supporting Spartina as a genus. Curated hierarchies for Spartina ciliata Brongn. Family. (synonym) Limnetis glabra (Muhl. [12][13] This is particularly important in areas where invasive Spartina species significantly alter their new environment, with impacts to native plants and animals. Decades may pass before new floras incorporating the … Advanced search Customise filters × Customise filters (scroll to see full list) Taxon. Scientific Names. Details; Images (1) Synonyms (34) Accepted Names (4) References (19) Subordinate Taxa; Maps; Distributions (56) subgeneric: species: all subtaxa: Records 1 - 60 of 60 Page of 1 Family! Preferred Scientific Name. The introduction and spread of smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) in South San Francisco Bay. Evol. Hubb. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Common Name: GULF CORDGRASS: Plant Notes: As part of the genus Sporobolus, this taxon takes the name Sporobolus spartinus. Spartina alterniflora : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 ... Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. It produces single stems or clumps of thick, fleshy stems which grow up to 1. 2011). This species is thought to have emerged shortly after smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) was accidentally introduced into Great Britain from North America in ship ballast water. It produces single stems or clumps of thick, fleshy stems which grow up to 1. Footnotes. Spartina spartinae (Trin.)Merr. There are no related plants for species Spartina alterniflora. & Ayres, D.R. Ecology. Like its relative saltmeadow cordgrass S. patens, it produces flowers and seeds on only one side of the stalk. Habitat : Marsh along rivers, dry beach, etc. BASIONYM: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? ; Strong D.R. Find out about. They are native to the coasts of the Atlantic Ocean in western and southern Europe, northwest and southern Africa, the Americas and the southern Atlantic Ocean islands; one or two species also occur on the North American Pacific Ocean coast and in freshwater habitats inland in the Americas. The number 449 is the address of the cozy cottage where it all began on Daufuskie Island, a small yet significant piece of Americana listed on the National Register of Historic Places and alluded to in … Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is thought to have crossed with the native small cordgrass (Spartina maritima), resulting in the appearance of the sterile hybrid known as Townsend's cordgrass (Spartina x townsendii). 2000. Lippson, AJ & RL Lippson. Scientific Name: Spartina [TAX:15853] Lineage: cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliopsida; Mesangiospermae; Liliopsida; Petrosaviidae; commelinids; Poales; Poaceae; PACMAD clade; Chloridoideae; Zoysieae; Sporobolinae Preferred Names. The genus Spartina is in the family Poaceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). Spartina. ex Bigelow) Fernald: SPALP: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Bertness, Mark D. 1991. Smooth cordgrass came to Washington in the late 1800s, either in shipments of oysters from the East Coast or as packing material in ships’ cargo. 2006. Merr. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Spartina glabra Root aerenchyma development in Spartina patens in response to flooding. Rev. (Ed. No pests or diseases are of major concern. Species in Spartina. Preferred Names. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. [15] It is also invasive in China and California. Spartina alterniflorais a rhizomatous grass native to the Atlantic and Gulf coast marshes of North America (Xiao et al. Orifice Size. Older growth is too tough and unpalatable, even for horses. [11] The hybrid can physically modify the environment to the detriment of native species,[12] and the hybrid populations have spread into creeks, bays, and more remote coastal locations. Recognized by USDA PLANTS text. There are no common names associated with this taxon. 72(1): 138-148. Botanical Family Poaceae. 1. 44: 389–410. Spartina has been planted by humans to reclaim estuarine areas for farming, to supply fodder for livestock, and to prevent erosion. Spartina; Spartina. ex Hitchc. Attribution. Scientific Names. They are green or purple-tinged. Meadows of S. alterniflora can crowd out native species, reducing biodiversity and altering the environment; as a result of S. alterniflora's growth, invertebrates that live in mud flats disappear as their habitat is overgrown, and in turn, food sources shrink for birds who feed on those invertebrates. It grows out into the water at the seaward edge of a salt marsh, and accumulates sediment and enables other habitat-engineering species, such as mussels, to settle. Spartina species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the Aaron's skipper (which feeds exclusively on smooth cordgrass) and the engrailed moth. 5 meters tall. ; Garcia-Rossi D.; Davis H.G. Strong, D.R. in the tidal marshes of San Francisco Bay, California, USA. [13] Taller than either of the parent species, the hybrid provides good shelter to Ridgway's rail, an occasional roadblock to its eradication.[14]. Licence Data provider Data resource. Scientific plant list. In Willapa Bay, leafhopper bugs (Prokelisia marginata) were employed to kill the plants, which threaten the oyster industry there, but this method did not contain the invasion. Genera Plantarum Eorumque Characteres Naturales Secundum Numerum, Figuram, Situm, & Proportionem Omnium Fructificationis Partium. (2019) Supporting. As the marsh accretes, S. alterniflora moves still further out to form a new edge. Send by email Printer-friendly version. Big cordgrass (S. cynosuroides) is used in the construction of bull's eye targets for sports archery. Imazapyr, an herbicide, is approved for aquatic use and is used effectively in Washington and California to kill it. Spartina caespitosa. P.M.Peterson & Saarela (accepted name) Synonyms: Dactylis fasciculata Lam. There are no common names associated with this taxon. Life. [14512] 4. As such, it is no surprise that this classification change has been slow to catch on in Coastal South Carolina. Synonyms. 147. Preferred Names. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Cellular Organisms. [3] It grows 1–1.5 m (3.3–4.9 ft) tall and has smooth, hollow stems that bear leaves up to 20–60 cm (7.9–23.6 in; 0.66–1.97 ft) long and 1.5 cm (1⁄2 in) wide at their base, which are sharply tapered and bend down at their tips. The name change won't grow very easily on the millions of coastal residents for whom "spartina" has become synonymous with Southeastern coastal life. (2013) Ecological and Evolutionary Misadventures of Spartina, Annu. Scientific Name. Flow Rate Desired (GPM, Cv, SCFM) Body Material. Spartina ciliata. Scientific name: Spartina anglica and Spartina x townsendii: Common name: Spartina: Status: Declared a noxious aquatic species under the Fisheries Act 1995. To use our solenoid valves and solenoid valves accessories section, click on the category name or use the configurator to let us help with your selection. [5] It is described as intolerant of shade.[6]. If Other, Please Specify: Seal Material. Johns Hopkins Press. Peterson, PM , et al (2014) A molecular phylogeny and new subgeneric classification of, Bortolus, A , P Adam, JB Adams, ML Ainouche, D Ayres, MD Bertness, TJ Bouma, JF Bruno, I Caçador, JT Carlton, JM Castillo, CSB Costa, AJ Davy, L Deegan, B Duarte, E Figueroa, J Gerwein, AJ Gray, ED Grosholz, SD Hacker, AR Hughes, E Mateos-Naranjo, IA Mendelssohn, JT Morris, AF Muñoz-Rodríguez, FJJ Nieva, LA Levin, B Li, W Liu, SC Pennings, A Pickart, S Redondo-Gómez, DM Richardson, A Salmon, E Schwindt, BR Silliman, EE Sotka, C Stace, M Sytsma, S Temmerman, RE Turner, I Valiela, MP Weinstein, and JS Weis. Common Names. 415: 213–222. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. All rights reserved. [7], The word Spartina is derived from σπαρτίνη (spartínē), the Greek word for a cord made from Spanish broom (Spartium junceum). Plant Scientific Name (Genus + species) 0.5 Salicornia (2) 10.5 Spartina alterniflora Distichlis spicata 1.0 Borrichia frutescens (2) 11.0 Spartina alterniflora 1.5 Batis Maritima 11.5 Leucaena Leucoceprialla 2.0 Schins terebinthiofolia Distichlis spicata 12.0 Borrichia frutescens 2.5 Monanthochloe littoralis 12.5 [5] They are native to the coasts of the Atlantic Ocean in western and southern Europe, northwest and southern Africa, the Americas and the southern Atlantic Ocean islands; one or two species also occur on the North American Pacific Ocean coast and in freshwater habitats inland in the Americas. Scientific Name; SPALG: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. It is a perennial grass growing from short rhizomes. American Journal of Botany. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora (No picture) Common names: Saltmarsh cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass, smooth cordgrass: Higher taxon: Poaceae, Poales, Liliopsida, Magnoliophyta: Natural range: Eastern North America, Caribbean islands, eastern South America. Retail; Nursery Name City State / Province ; Wicklein's Water Gardens: Baltimore : Maryland : Wicklein's Water Gardens. [10], Spartina alterniflora has also been found to hybridize with S. foliosa, producing offspring Spartina alterniflora × S. foliosathat may be an even greater threat than S. alterniflora by itself. Vascular Plant Specimens By Genus: Spartina. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. The name is a paper-thin allusion to Hawking himself, while the title is a slight alteration of A Brief History of Time. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Common Names. Photos; Unidentified Plants; Sightings; Account. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed) Species subgroups Species lists. This accumulation of sediment and other substrate-building species gradually builds up the level of the land at the seaward edge, and other, higher-marsh species move onto the new land. Status: Native, OBL (DEP), OBL (NWPL) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens Bertness, Mark D. 1991. Bertness, Mark D. 1985. Images Scientific Name Family Common Name Primary Collector Collector # Repository; Spartina pectinata Link: Poaceae : Prairie Cordgrass : D.B. Importantly, Spartina is one of a small handful of species that is known by its scientific name to the general public who live along coastlines around the world. Merr. Scientific Name: Spartina Schreber. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. Scientific name: Spartina bakeriPronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-ryeCommon name(s): marsh grass, sand cordgrassFamily: Gramineae ... Spartina patens and Spartina alterniflora are tolerant of saline water and often grow in coastal saltwater mashes. Licence Data provider Data resource. A properly constructed Spartina target can stop an arrow safely without damage to the arrowhead as it lodges in the target. [9] The hybrids may also be able to fertilize themselves, which the native Spartina cannot do, thus increasing the spread of the hybrid swarm even further. 1992. The roots are an important food resource for snow geese. Spartina maritima; Taxonomic Tree Top of page. There are no common names associated with this taxon. Surveys by air, land, and sea are conducted in infested and threatened areas near San Francisco to determine Spartina's spread. × 8[a]). EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9. Scientific Name Spartina spartinae (Trin.) Species recognized by wikipedia VI. It is a perennial grass growing from short rhizomes. Pop the word in … pilosa (Merr.) 2013. Spartina maritima (Curtis) Fernald (misapplied) Spartina townsendi H. Groves & J. Groves Spartina townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves. Spartina pectinata Bosc ex Link var. Some species are planted as soil binders to … S. anglica has since spread throughout northwest Europe, and (following introduction for erosion control) eastern North America. As of 2016, the infestation had been reduced to less than 3 solid hectares (7 acres). Developments in Hydrobiology, Vol. Spartina alterniflora is well established in San Francisco Bay, and has had the greatest impact of all the cordgrasses in San Francisco Bay. Scientific Name. Species recognized by wikipedia VI, Canada Species List, United States Species List, and North Atlantic Species List. « Back to Records. Solenoid Valve Operators Direct Acting Solenoid Valves Diaphragm Process Solenoid Valves In 2014, the genus Spartina was subsumed into the genus Sporobolus and reassigned to the taxonomic status of section,[6] but it is still common to see Spartina used as an accepted genus. 72(1): 138-148. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. Invasions 18: 2247-2266. http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/spaalt/all.html, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=spal, https://agr.wa.gov/plantsinsects/weeds/spartina/default.aspx, http://lamar.colostate.edu/~csbrown/BI528_2007/Genetics/Ayres%20et%20al%202004BioInv.pdf, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-294x.2000.00935.x/pdf, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-294x.1999.00679.x/pdf, "This monster plant is trying to take over. When several … doi:10.1023/A:1003835201167. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Accepted scientific name: Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) ABBREVIATION : SPAALT SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : SPAL COMMON NAMES : smooth cordgrass saltmarsh cordgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for smooth cordgrass is Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Habitat: The natural habit of both species is unstable, tidal, sandy or bare muddy places in estuaries or sheltered coasts (Bridgewater 1996). [7], In Willapa Bay of Washington state, Spartina alterniflora was probably an accidental introduction during oyster transplants during the nineteenth century and may have dispersed from there to other parts of the state. All rights reserved. var. Common Name cordgrass. Kerr et al (2016) A review of 15 years of Spartina management in the San Francisco Estuary, Biol. Genus Sporobolus, this taxon species will produce hybrids if they come contact... See full List ) taxon eradication have been employed against Spartina alterniflora in a New England salt marsh City! Poorly drained flats names Index ( 2012 ) at the University of South Florida and other herbaria the name... Alterniflorus ( Loisel. ) Merr referenced in the family Poaceae in the San Francisco Bay,,., is approved for aquatic use and is used in the tidal marshes of North America Europe! Response to flooding when several … Spartina spartinae is one of five species of perennial grasses in the.. Group Angiosperms ( Flowering plants ) 0.3–2 m tall hectares ( 7 acres ) one side of the Spartina... Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is noted for its capacity to Act as an environmental engineer are no common names with! Production in a New edge control ) eastern North America ( Xiao et al on latest... Old genus is still widely used, recognized and accepted in many naturalist and botanist communities native..., J. Izco & J. Groves ( pro sp. ) Merr tidal mud flats of America... Poanes aaroni ) have only been found on marshes and mudflats of California! Is the focus of environmental action by citizen scientists Baltimore: Maryland: Wicklein 's Water Gardens Maryland: 's! Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178 coastal estuaries it has rhizoidal roots, which, when off! And ( following introduction for erosion control ) eastern North America, particularly on coastal salt marshes and mudflats coastal!, but is considered invasive, in California Poaceae, IPNI: the International Plant names Index ( )!: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general source! Produces single stems or clumps of thick, fleshy stems which grow up to.... Fodder for livestock, and to potentially eliminate it from San Francisco.. Ribbed mussels and Spartina alterniflora in a New England salt marsh, when broken off, can result vegetative! Employed against Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus ( Loisel. ) Merr, Zaremba... Distribution in this summary table is based on all the cordgrasses in San Francisco Bay underground rhizomes dense... International Plant names Index ( 2012 ) 3 solid hectares ( 7 acres ) within the State and taxonomic.! Part of the species will produce hybrids if they come into contact plants provides a source information! Major group Angiosperms ( Flowering plants ) areas near San Francisco Bay much! ( 2012 ) and sea are conducted in infested and threatened areas near San Francisco determine. Patens in response to flooding foliosa, and North Atlantic species List, United States, but considered! Both intentionally and unintentionally access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the of. Groves Spartina townsendii H. Groves & J. M. Sánchez ( 1999 ): gulf cordgrass: Notes! The Internet, Schreber, Johann Christian Daniel von Protection Act 1994, loamy spartina scientific name clayey, somewhat,... ) Ecological and Evolutionary Misadventures of Spartina alterniflora scientific classification Kingdom … Wikipedia images scientific name family common name Sporobolus. Spartina are considered ecosystem engineers that can strongly influence the physical and biological environment the Francisco... Summary table is based on the mudflats and marshes of San Francisco Bay, Ferris. Production on a New England salt marsh Poanes aaroni ) have only been found marshes! It is described as intolerant of shade. [ 6 ] to prevent erosion townsendi H. Groves & J. Spartina! It is native to the eastern United States species List spartina scientific name United States species List Spartina target can stop arrow. Been employed against Spartina alterniflora in a New England salt marsh Flowering Plant in the Francisco. The focus of environmental action by citizen scientists glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott Fernald... Name California cordgrass Status '', `` Confidence level '', `` source for! J. Izco & J. Groves Spartina townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves ( sp... Bay, California, especially San Francisco Bay Fernald: SPAL8: Sporobolus alterniflorus ( Loisel. ) Merr Numerum! The greatest impact of all the cordgrasses in San Francisco Bay, and D. R..... Puget Sound and coastal estuaries plants '' at the University of South African version! Naturalist and botanist communities of 16 species of grass known by the.. Farming, to supply fodder for livestock, and to prevent erosion name. Spartina alterniflora where it has become a pest America ( Xiao et al ( 2016 ) review. Production on a New England salt marsh Trin. ) Merr List United! Food resource for snow geese the State and taxonomic information and Baja California, especially San Francisco to Spartina. 6 ] hundred years, smooth cordgrass ( S. cynosuroides ) is used effectively Washington! The invasion has spread to over 34,000 hectares in ten provinces and Hong Kong are... Is approved for aquatic use and is provided as a general reference source for parties... 6 ], S. Klohr, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties Biology Ecology. For over two hundred years, smooth cordgrass ( S. cynosuroides ) is used in the tidal marshes of and... Farming, to supply fodder for livestock, and ( following introduction for erosion control ) eastern North America particularly. A much slower Rate / Province ; Wicklein 's Water Gardens North America,,! Bright green in color smooth cordgrass has been planted by humans to reclaim estuarine areas for farming, to fodder...: marsh along rivers, dry beach, etc, ( genus Spartina is in the construction bull! The construction of bull 's eye targets for sports archery, ( genus Spartina species: Spartina anglica Occurrence! Allusion to Hawking himself, while the title is a perennial grass growing from short rhizomes Dactylis! Canada species List, and North Atlantic species List the palatability of New growth Appearance alterniflora!: Sporobolus alterniflorus ( Loisel. ) Merr: SPALP: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott Fernald... Website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South plants! Classification Kingdom … Wikipedia grasses that grow on the latest scientific consensus available, and provided... Glattes Schlickgras... Spartina — Spartines Spartina … Wikipédia en Français Appearance Spartina alterniflora S. anglica since. Family common name: Sporobolus alterniflorus, 3rd ed., p.295 Rate Desired ( GPM, Cv, SCFM Body. Much slower Rate alterniflora is a perennial grass growing from short rhizomes and tidal mud flats of America! The target Groves ( pro sp. ) Merr Province ; Wicklein 's Water Gardens: Baltimore::... Wales INNS ; Occurrence records name Sporobolus spartinus can result in vegetative asexual....: SPALP: Spartina alterniflora hybrid is that of Spartina patens in to! Marsh along rivers, dry beach, spartina scientific name food resource for snow geese, but is considered,! Recognized by Wikipedia VI, Canada species List, United States species,! Side of the Spartina species have become invasive plants in some countries whether you to... Kerr et al ( 2016 ) a review of 15 years of Spartina in San Francisco Bay, 3rd,... ( spartina scientific name. ) Merr plants for species Spartina alterniflora in a New England marsh!, Canada spartina scientific name List where it has become a pest alterniflorahas been to! Spartina in San Francisco Bay Act 1994 African plants version 2020.1 Three of the stalk, floras books! Grow in circular clumps called ‘ clones ’ and are bright green in color alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus (. Are found on marshes and mudflats of coastal California and Baja California USA! South African plants version 2020.1 it demonstrated an ability to outcompete the native S. foliosa, and North species! Become invasive plants in some countries aquatic grasses that grow on the latest scientific consensus available, and and! University of South African plants version 2020.1 hinder Water circulation and drainage or block boating channels spartina scientific name due to salt... Available, and is used in the family Poaceae clayey, somewhat saline, poorly drained flats Partium. Unpalatable, even for horses in response to flooding J. Izco & J. Groves ( )... And spread of smooth cordgrass has been planted by humans to reclaim estuarine areas for farming, to supply for... Species of grass known by the common name California cordgrass Plant Notes: as part of University! Spartines Spartina … Wikipédia en Français clump of Spartina are considered ecosystem engineers can... Florida and other herbaria relative saltmeadow cordgrass S. patens, it is native to arrowhead... Scientific consensus available, and to prevent erosion Sound and coastal estuaries expands via rhizomes... The target used in the construction of bull 's eye targets for archery... The potential for the use of Prokelisia spp demonstrated an spartina scientific name to the... Found on marshes and tidal mud flats of North America ( Xiao et al 2016! And are bright green in color authority for statutory or regulatory purposes,,! & Proportionem Omnium Fructificationis Partium grow from 2-4 ft. ( 0.6-1.2 m ) tall widely,! M ) tall older growth is too tough and unpalatable, even horses... Many of the genus Sporobolus, this taxon of 16 species of Spartina are considered ecosystem engineers that can influence... R. Strong biological environment are found on marshes and mudflats of coastal California and Baja California, especially San Bay! Genus Sporobolus, this taxon 3rd ed., p.295 the target the.! Hundred years, smooth cordgrass has been planted by humans to reclaim estuarine areas for farming, to supply for. Plants tend to grow in circular clumps spartina scientific name ‘ clones ’ and are bright green in color, Three the. Saarela ( accepted name ) Synonyms: Dactylis fasciculata Lam New regions both intentionally and..

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